Background Information: U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) in Tanzania

Summary: PEPFAR is the U.S. Government initiative to help save the lives of those with HIV/AIDS around the world.  This historic commitment is the largest by any nation to combat a single disease internationally.  PEPFAR is driven by a shared responsibility among donor and partner nations and others to save lives.

Through PEPFAR, the U.S. has supported a world that is safer and more secure from infectious disease threats.  Originally designed to deliver lifesaving services in countries hardest hit by HIV/AIDS, PEPFAR is now aims to control the global spread of HIV/AIDS.  It combines U.S. government engagement in health, development, security, and diplomacy, unparalleled in its capacity to deliver clear, measurable, and transformative results and impact.

Program background and statistics on the impact of the program:

  • In fiscal year 2019 alone, PEPFAR provided HIV testing services for over 8 million Tanzanians, with over 300,000 newly identified as HIV positive, and linked to care and treatment
  • The U.S. Government through PEPFAR and the Global Fund support over 1.2 million Tanzanians on lifesaving antiretroviral (ARV) treatment
  • In fiscal year 2019, PEPFAR provided lifesaving medication to over 60,000 pregnant women to prevent mother-to-child transmission of HIV
  • During fiscal year 2019 with support from PEPFAR, over 780,000 men participated in voluntary male       medical circumcision (VMMC)

In its 16 Years since PEPFAR began in 2003:

  • AIDS-related deaths in Tanzania have decreased nearly 80%, from 110,000 in 2003 to 24,000 in 2018
  • In Tanzania, annual new infections have decreased by almost 30% from 100,000 in 2003 to 72,000 in 2018

PEPFAR’s 16-year commitment to Tanzanians reflects the enduring value of our relationship with the Tanzanian people:

    • Through PEPFAR, the U.S. Government has spent nearly 9 trillion TZS (5 billion USD)
    • Funding for Fiscal Year 2020 is 909 billion TZS (395 million USD)
    • The U.S. Government through PEPFAR and the Global Fund currently provide over 90% of funding for HIV programs in Tanzania