Policy & History

The United States established diplomatic relations with the newly independent Tanganyika in 1961. In 1964, Tanganyika and Zanzibar unified to create the country now known as Tanzania. To this day, the United States and Tanzania maintain an established partnership characterized by mutual respect, shared values, and aspirations for a more peaceful and prosperous future.

The U.S. Mission to Tanzania is committed to advancing democracy, human rights, and governance; promoting health and education; driving economic growth; and supporting peace, security, and rule of law.

In support of these goals, Tanzania benefits from U.S. assistance in a broad array of initiatives, including Power Africa, the President’s Emergency Fund for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), the President’s Malaria Initiative, Feed the Future, Let Girls Learn, and the Global Health Security Agenda. The U.S. also supports initiatives in the greater East Africa region, and the U.S. Chief of Mission is accredited both bilaterally to Tanzania and regionally to the East African Community (EAC).

Each year, Tanzanians participate in a variety of exchange programs in the United States, including the Fulbright Program, Hubert Humphrey Fellowship, and Young African Leaders Initiative (YALI), among others. The Ambassador’s Fund for Cultural Preservation program has provided funding for several restoration projects since 2002, including the historic ruins at Kilwa Kisiwani and two mosques and an Anglican Church in Zanzibar.

Since the Peace Corps was established in 1961, over 2,850 Peace Corps Volunteers have served in Tanzania. During their service, Volunteers learn to speak Swahili and work in communities on projects in agriculture, education, and health.